Mangrove forests have decreased 20% from 1980 – 2005. Half the coral and seagrass in the world have already been destroyed and if temperatures continue to rise, then their will be no more coral reefs by 2050. The WWF says “8 million tons of plastic waste is dumped every year into the oceans and it’s estimated that there are currently more than 5 trillion plastic pieces in the sea, collectively weighing over 250,000 tons.” Tuna, mackerel, and other fish have declined 74% between 1970 – 2010. Some sharks, rays, and skates are almost extinct because of over fishing. 29% of marine fisheries are overfished.
“Writing in the introduction to the report, Marco Lambertini, the director general of WWF International, said it’s obvious where to place the blame. ‘The picture is now clearer than ever: humanity is collectively mismanaging the ocean to the brink of collapse.’
“‘The situation is urgent and the moment to act is at hand,’ he continued. ‘…The pace of change in the ocean tells us there’s no time to waste. These changes are happening in our lifetime. We can and we must correct course now.’
“However, Lambertini also highlighted the ocean’s ability to recover from its current situation if solutions are found quickly and key habitats are protected. ‘The ocean has another great advantage. It is a dynamic, interconnected global ecosystem that can bounce back relatively quickly if the pressures are dealt with effectively.'”